3D Printer

Techs: SOFTWARES: Fusion 360, Cura, and Arduino are used. HARDWARE: RAMP 4.2, Extruder, NEMA 17 motor, Filament, structure bed leveling, conveyer belt, and power supply.
Department: Electrical & Computer Engineering
Team Lead: MUHAMMAD MUJAHID MUSHTAQ - (6901@cch.edu.pk)
MSTeamURL: click here

Problem Statement

Our project is beneficial for society in the way: Improve the quality of the production- Our goal is to enhance lean manufacturing by significantly reducing the cycle time of processes and increasing flexibility, thereby improving the overall quality of the product. We will fabricate parts with a level of precision that is nearly impossible to achieve with conventional hand-operated equipment. Innovation in Healthcare- There are numerous amount of people who lost their body parts in accidents. 3D printing technology represents a huge opportunity to help medical and pharmaceutical companies to form more specific drugs, enabling a rapid production of medical implants and changing the way that surgeons and doctors plan procedures. By producing and reviewing 3D printed replicas of the physical problem (being operated on) surgeons can plan their operations. To reduce the likelihood of error, surgeons can use this method of preparation to gather a better idea of what the surgery entails.


In this project, we have made a 3D-Printer machine by using an additive process, where we are willing to make 3-Dimensional objects by laying down successive layers of material to form our final objects. The 3D printing technology is employed for both prototyping and distributed manufacturing with applications in industrial design, automotive, engineering, dental industries, jewelry, architecture, and lots of other fields. Our focus is on rapid prototyping to support the product development cycle.


The first step is to design a 3D printing model using computer software. We had designed 3D object models using a special type of computer software known as ‘Fusion360’. We used a numerically controlled programming language made up of a series of commands called ‘G-code’. To convert the 3D object model to G-code, we used computer software, known as ‘Cura’

The next step was to build and print the object. For creating three-dimensional objects, there was a variety of methods and technologies, we had used Fused Deposition Modeling(FDM). FDM uses a plastic filament or metal wire as input material to an extrusion nozzle. The dust will be heated to melt the material and maybe manipulated horizontally as well as vertically using CAM. After extrusion from the nozzle, the material hardens instantaneously.  By using this method, the 3D printer will build the bottom layer first, after which it will build the next-highest layer. The FDM 3D printing system moves along three different orthogonal axes: the X-axis, Y-axis, and Z-axis. The X-axis corresponds to the 3D printer’s horizontal movement (from left to right). The Y-axis is responsible for back and forth movement. While Z-axis corresponds to the 3D printer’s vertical movement. These coordinates determine the position of the hot end nozzle.


At this time of modern technology, people are relying more on machines to make everyday things. There is an increased global demand for sustainable solutions that leads to the use of 3D printing. The motivation for choosing this project lies in the challenge of building 3D printer and the ability to create complex and repeatable parts with it. It is quite fascinating to create something tangible, making a machine which further pushes the boundaries of creativity. The opportunity to be able to create a physical machine from an existing machine will also serve as an enjoyable way to gain experience with working with different materials, making use of the different machine tools.

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